Agraulis vanillae maculosa (Linnaeus, 1758) Brazil
“In Mr. Belt's Naturalist in Nicaragua, he thus describes the great virgin forests of that country.... "On each side of the road great trees towered up, carrying their crowns out of sight amongst a canopy of foliage.... Sometimes a tree appears covered with beautiful flowers which do not belong to it, but to one of the lianas that twines through its branches and sends down great rope-like stems to the ground. Climbing ferns and Vanilla cling to the trunks, and a thousand epiphytes perch themselves on the branches.”” Alfred Russel Wallace, Equatorial Vegetation (S 289:1878), Editor, Charles H. Smith at 62.
Edition of 400