Sculpture has always been characterized by a real diversity of materials. Originally materials such bronze, marble, metal, and wood were used due to their intrinsic and unique qualities, such as durability. However, over the last fifty years this list has expanded to include almost any material that is common in our everyday lives (including found items) whether durable or not.
Subject matter and focus for the work can be equally diverse: abstract, conceptual and figurative. From the monumental to the anecdotal, sculpture is the way it is defined at any particular moment. For most of history, it was defined by its figurative roots. In the latter part of the 20th century, sculpture expanded its use of new materials and forms of expression, and figurative sculpture was seen by many as backwater. Today, sculpture is moving towards a further evolution of the past centurys innovation often including various aspect of technology and modern living but is also incorporating what came before that. This is evidenced by the resurgence in figurative sculpture.